Friday, October 16, 2009

Mudi Biyyam - Dampudu Biyyam - Brown Rice - Unpolished Rice

Today I have started a new blog about nutritious foods available across the globe. Here I am going to discuss and try to focus on world’s best and nutritious products, their history, nutritional values and their advantages. To begin with I have decided to publish about Brown Rice. It is simply because in some parts of World, the word “to eat” literally means “to eat rice”. India is one such place. In particular Rice is the staple food for the people of the southern states of India viz., Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. People of these states usually do not feel satisfied even if they miss a single meal a day without eating Rice. All varieties of Rice are available throughout the year, supplying as much as half of the daily calories of the India’s population. People begin and end up eating rice in these parts of the state as their breakfast, lunch and dinner. Such is the importance of Rice here. It is a kind of blessing by Nature for these people out here. Unfortunately, this great Rice has become a serious health hazard only due to the man made mistakes. Earlier people used to eat raw form of rice called Mudi Biyyam/Dampudu Biyyam/Brown Rice/Unpolished Rice. But today people are addicted of eating processed or fortified rice which is popularly known as White Rice in most parts of the world.

Brown Rice and White Rice have similar amounts of Calories, Carbohydrates and Proteins. The main differences between these two forms of Rice lie in processing and nutritional contents. The process that produces brown rice removes only the outermost layer, the hull, of the rice kernel and is the least damaging to its nutritional value. The complete milling and polishing that converts brown rice into white rice destroys 67% of the vitamin B3, 80% of the vitamin B1, 90% of the vitamin B6, half of the manganese, half of the phosphorus, 60% of the iron, and all of the dietary fiber and essential fatty acids. Fully milled and polished white rice is required to be "enriched" with vitamins B1, B3 and iron. Apart from that it is rinsed and soaked in water before cooking and then cooked for at least 20 minutes of time. A part of the remaining vitamins, minerals, iron and other enzymes are washed out while rinsing and the rest is evapourated while cooking. So what is left after cooking white rice? Most probably nothing; except calories, carbohydrates and proteins. Therefore excess use of white rice is leading to the increase of calories causing obesity, diabetes, heart and other chronic diseases. According to Dr. Mantena Satynarayana Raju a research revealed that India topped the list of diabetic cases around the world and Andhra Pradesh topped the list within India. Dr. Raju reiterates most of the times “Swarna Andhra Pradesh autundi anukunnam kani porapatuna Sugar Andhra Pradesh ayyindi” which means “We dreamt of a Golden Andhra Pradesh, instead it became a Sugar Andhra Pradesh or a Diabetic Andhra Pradesh.”

Dr. Raju has been intensively trying to promote the use of Brown Rice in Andhra Pradesh through all sources of media. In the past 10 to 15 years he has been engaged in promoting healthy ways of living through his conferences, print and electronic media. His tireless efforts over the past few years are now reaping fruits to the society. A couple of year back many of us wouldn’t have known what a brown rice is. But today it is available everywhere in the Rythu Bazars and Rice stores nearby. I have been following the diet of Brown Rice regularly since 9 months and believe me it’s a powerhouse of energy. It is definitely rich in nutrition and also better in taste when compared to white rice. You don’t feel hungry all day because it actually takes long time to digest. More importantly brown rice is strictly recommended for people lacking hemoglobin, who are feeble and weak, who is suffering from low blood pressure, diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol.

In my next update I will be providing in-depth nutritional analysis of Brown Rice, benefits and other advantages of eating Brown Rice. So keep watching the space for more updates…


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